Fidya/Kaffara

Ramadan is a month of blessing, in which Allah covers you with blessing, for He sends down mercy, decreases sins and answers prayers … In it, Allah looks at your competition in good deeds, and boasts about you to His angels. So show Allah goodness from yourselves.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
[Tabarani]

Ramadan is a month of spirituality, prayer and fasting. It also serves to remind Muslims of the importance of charity, and their obligation to be charitable during the month and all throughout the year.

In some circumstances, a Muslim is not able to fulfill their religious obligation to fast during the month of Ramadan, or may want to recompense for a broken oath.

What if I was not able to fast in Ramadan?

Fidya and Kaffara are two solutions offered that can help a Muslim expiate for not fasting or breaking other obligations. The paying of fidya or kaffara also benefits members of the community who live in impoverished conditions.

  • The meaning of Fidya is an expiation or compensation donation, paid within the Islamic tradition by individuals who cannot fulfill the obligation of fasting due to illness or old age.
  • The meaning of Kaffara is also an expiation or compensation donation within the Islamic tradition paid by individuals who deliberately miss or break a day of fast during the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.

Islamic Relief ensures Fidya and Kaffara donations go directly to feeding a needy family. Make your payments easily online today.

Fidya donations are meant to feed a person in need for each of the fasting days missed, and are equivalent to the price of one meal each for two people or two meals for one person.

Fidya can be calculated as $10 for each day missed or $300 for all of Ramadan.

That price is based on the average cost of a basic meal throughout Canada. Of course, if on average, you spend more per meal, it is permissible to adjust the price accordingly. In addition, if the donor is from a low-income family, he or she should then care for the family’s needs first before considering giving a separate fidya donation.

Kaffara is also an expiation donation within the Islamic tradition paid by individuals who deliberately miss or break a day of fast during the month of Ramadan without a valid reason. Please contact a local scholar for guidance on how Kaffara should be paid for deliberately missed fasts, as the ruling may be case by case.

Beyond Ramadan however, kaffara may also be given to recompense for broken oaths. In these cases, 10 underprivileged people should be fed for each occurrence. The amount paid should be about the average you would pay for a meal.

The estimated cost is $10 per person for 10 people, which equals $100 per broken promise.

If the donor is from a low-income family, and cannot afford the payment, it is recommended that he or she should fast for three days, and make sure to “protect your oath,” meaning he or she should stay true to his or her word going forward.

Please note, the prices noted are listed on guidance from the Fiqh Council of North America, and are calculated based on an average. If you typically spend more on a meal, you can adjust the price accordingly.